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The Different Types of Electric Vehicles and How They Work

Electric vehicles are becoming more and more popular these days. But there are a lot of different types of electric vehicles, and it can be tricky to keep them all straight. In this post, we’ll outline the different types of electric vehicles and how they work. By the end of it, you’ll be an electric vehicle expert!

What is an Electric Vehicle?

So what exactly is an electric vehicle? An electric vehicle, or EV for short, is a type of car that runs on electricity instead of gasoline. This can come in the form of a battery-powered car or a hybrid car that uses both electric and gasoline power.

Battery Electric Vehicle

Battery electric vehicles are the simplest type of electric vehicle. They run on batteries that are charged by plugging into an electrical outlet.

Hybrid Electric Vehicle

A hybrid electric vehicle is powered by a combination of an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. The electric motor is powered by a battery, which can be recharged by plugging it into an electrical outlet. Hybrid electric vehicles are becoming more and more popular, as they offer the benefits of both gasoline- and electric-powered cars. They are more fuel-efficient than traditional gas-powered cars, and they produce fewer emissions.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle

So what’s a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle? PHEVs are electric cars that also have a gasoline engine. The engine helps to recharge the car’s battery, and it can also power the car directly if the battery runs out. PHEVs are a great option for people who want the benefits of an electric car but don’t want to worry about running out of battery power. They’re also a good choice for people who drive long distances, since you can switch to gasoline power if you need to go further than the car’s electric range.

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle

Fuel cell electric vehicles are powered by fuel cells, which convert the chemical energy from hydrogen gas and oxygen into electrical energy. This electrical energy powers the vehicle’s electric motor, which then propels it forward. Fuel cells are very efficient and emit no harmful pollutants, making them a great choice for environmentally-conscious drivers. However, they can be expensive to manufacture and maintain, so they’re not yet as popular as other types of electric vehicles.

Range-Extended Electric Vehicle

There are a few different types of electric vehicles, but the most popular one is the battery-electric vehicle (BEV). These cars run purely on electricity and have a range of around 100 miles. However, there are some drawbacks to BEVs. For example, if you live in a rural area with no charging stations, you might not be able to use your car. Another type of electric vehicle is the range-extended electric vehicle (REEV). These cars have a smaller battery than BEVs, but they also have a small gasoline engine that kicks in once the battery runs out. This allows them to have a range of around 400 miles, which is much greater than that of BEVs. The only downside is that they’re a bit more expensive than BEVs.

How to Pick the Ideal Electric Car for You

Pure Electric or Hybrid Vehicle?

Now that you know the basics of electric vehicles, it’s time to decide which type is best for you. Pure electric or hybrid? Pure electric vehicles run exclusively on electricity and can be plugged into the grid to recharge. They can be used for short or long trips, depending on the model. A gas engine and an electric motor power hybrid automobiles. They use a battery to store energy, which can be used to power the electric motor. Hybrid vehicles are good for long trips, since they have a gas engine that can recharge the battery.

Consider Your Needs

When it comes to choosing the right electric vehicle for your needs, it’s important to think about how you’ll be using it. For example, do you need a vehicle that can carry a lot of cargo, or one that can seat a lot of people? Think about how you’ll be using your electric vehicle and what kind of driving range you’ll need. If you frequently drive long distances, you’ll need a car with a larger range; if you mainly commute within the city, you may be able to get away with a smaller model. Also consider your budget and what kind of features you’re looking for in an electric vehicle. Do you want something that’s fast and sporty, or are you more interested in an eco-friendly option? There’s something for everyone when it comes to electric vehicles, so take the time to figure out what’s best for you.

Compare Prices

One of the most important factors to consider when purchasing an electric vehicle is the price. Compare prices between different models and research what deals are available. Some electric vehicles are eligible for government subsidies, so be sure to check if you’re eligible. Another thing to keep in mind is the cost of maintenance and repairs. Electric vehicles tend to be more expensive to maintain and repair than traditional petrol or diesel vehicles, so you’ll need to budget for this.

Consider charging speed

Another important factor to consider when choosing an electric vehicle is the charging speed. Some vehicles come with a fast-charging option, which can give you a full charge in as little as 30 minutes. If you don’t have access to a fast-charging station, you’ll want to choose a vehicle with a longer battery life so that you can still go about your day without needing to be concerned about power outages.

Test Drive

The best way to decide if an electric vehicle is right for you is to take it for a test drive. Most dealerships will have a few different models available to drive, so you can get a feel for what type of electric vehicle is best for your needs.


Electric cars are becoming more popular every year, and for good reason! They’re environmentally friendly, efficient, and fun to drive. There are a lot of different types of electric vehicles out there, so it can be tough to decide which one is right for you. In this post, we mentioned the different types of electric cars and explained how they work. We hope this information helps you make the right decision for your needs and lifestyle!

Sasith Mawan
Sasith Mawan
I'm a Software Engineering graduate with more than 6 years experience on the IT world working as a Software Developer to Tech Lead. Currently the Co-Founder of a Upcoming Gaming Company located in United States.


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